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Test Code ABGS Blood Gases, Arterial, LAB76

Specimen Requirements

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Heparinized syringe with arterial blood.

Acceptable: Dark Green Heparinized tube (must be full)

Specimen Volume: 65 uL of heparinized blood

Stability: Samples should be placed in ice water if they cannot be run within 30 minutes.

Collection Instructions:  Specimen must be kept as anaerobic as possible.

Reference Values

pH

7.35-7.45 units
Critical values

0-30 days: <7.2 units or >7.5 units

≥1 month: <7.2 units or >7.6 units
 

pCO2

Males: 35-48 mm Hg

Females: 32-45 mm Hg
 

pO2

83-108 mm Hg
Critical values

0-23 months: <50 mm Hg or >300 mm Hg

≥2 years: <50 mm Hg or >200 mm Hg

 

Base Excess: -2 to +2 mmol/L

 

HCO3: 22-26 mmol/L
 

CO2

Males: 23.3-29.7 mmol/L

Females: 22.3-28.4 mmol/L
 

% O2 saturation: 94-98%

Performing Laboratory

St. Luke's Hospital Cedar Rapids

Day(s) Test Set Up

Monday through Sunday

Useful For

Blood gas analyses are usually performed for the assessment of either the acid-base status or the respiratory oxygenation status of the patient. 

Arterial blood is the specimen of choice when evaluating the body's respiratory system.

Test Classification and CPT Coding

82803

Methodology

Ion-Selective Electrode (ISE)

Includes pH, pCO2, pO2, bicarbonate (HCO3), CO2, base excess, and % O2 saturation.